New Publications by Section Members

Roll_The Politics of Public Sector Performance_cover

Michael Roll (Ed.). 2014. The Politics of Public Sector Performance: Pockets of Effectiveness in Developing Countries. London and New York: Routledge.
It is widely believed that the state in developing countries is weak. The public sector, in particular, is often regarded as corrupt and dysfunctional. The book provides an urgently needed corrective to such overgeneralized notions of bad governance in the developing world. It examines the variation in state capacity by looking at a particularly paradoxical and frequently overlooked phenomenon: effective public organizations or ‘pockets of effectiveness’ in developing countries.

Why do these pockets exist? How do they emerge and survive in hostile environments? And do they have the potential to trigger more comprehensive reform and state-building? This book provides surprising answers to these questions, based on detailed case studies of exceptional public organizations and state-owned enterprises in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East. The case studies are guided by a common analytical framework that is process-oriented and sensitive to the role of politics. The concluding comparative analysis develops a novel explanation for why some public organizations in the developing world beat the odds and turn into pockets of public sector performance and service delivery while most do not.

 

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Xiaoshuo Hou. Community Capitalism in China: The State, the Market, and Collectivism. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

This book proposes to end the dichotomous view of the state and the market, and capitalism and communism, by examining the local institutional innovation in three villages in China and presents community capitalism as an alternative to the neoliberal model of development. Community is both the unit of redistribution and the entity that mobilizes resources to compete in the market; collectivism creates the boundary that sets the community apart from the outside and justifies and sustains the model. Community capitalism differs from Mao-era collectivism, when individual interests were buried in the name of collective interests and market competition was not a concern. It also deviates from cooperatives such as Israeli kibbutzim, in that there are obvious hierarchies in the community and people pursue the accumulation of wealth and modern conveniences. Nonetheless, this book demonstrates the embeddedness of the market in community, showing how social relations, group solidarity, power, honor, and other values play an important role in these villages’ social and economic organization.

 

Shirley Hsiao-Li Sun, Population Policy and Reproduction in Singapore : Making Future Citizens, London and New York : Routledge, 2012, 208 pages, ISBN: 978-0-415-67068-5. Routledge Contemporary Southeast Asia Series.

This book examines the relationship between population policies and individual reproductive decisions in low-fertility contexts. Drawing on personal interviews and focus groups with more than 200 Singaporeans, it demonstrates that the effectiveness of population policy is a function of competing notions of citizenship, and the gap between seemingly neutral policy incentives and their perceived and experienced disparate effects. The need to take individuals’ perceptions of state policies seriously gains greater urgency in the context of potential conflict of interest between the state and citizens regarding human reproduction. Should citizenship status confer rights independent of an individual’s economic standing? Who is the idealized citizen and idealized by whom? What is the relationship between a particular conceptualization of citizenship and the nation-state’s challenge of confronting the global order? This book answers these questions and offers a significant contribution to the literature on population studies, sociology of reproduction, citizenship and development, social policy, East Asian and Southeast Asian studies.

Johnson W. Makoba. Rethinking Development Strategies in Africa The Triple Partnership as an Alternative Approach – The Case of Uganda. Peter Lang International Academic Publishers.

For more information, see: http://www.peterlang.com/index.cfm?event=cmp.ccc.seitenstruktur.detailseiten&seitentyp=produkt&pk=52848&concordeid=11948

Robert Smith. Multilevel Modeling of Social Problems: A Causal Perspective. Springer Press.

For more information, see: http://www.springer.com/social+sciences/book/978-90-481-9854-2

Francis Adeola. Hazardous Wastes, Industrial Disasters, and Environmental Health Risks Local and Global Environmental StrugglesPalgrave MacMillan.

For more information, see: http://us.macmillan.com/hazardouswastesindustrialdisastersandenvironment…

Philip McMichael, Development and Social Change. A Global Perspective (Sage, 2012, 5th edition) – out in November 2011.

For more information see: http://www.sagepub.com/books/Book234283

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